Jute, the golden fibre that can be spun into coarse and strong threads is one of the strong and durable fabrics. Jute cultivation for textile applications has been a part of India’s agriculture profile for at least 5,000 years. The first evidence for manufacturing this plant fibre dates back to around 3000 BC. It is also possible that the Indus valley civilization or previous societies cultivated jute for fibre purposes before this era. Although cotton cultivation was equally popular in India, jute played a vital role in the development of Indian society for millennia.
With more emphasis given to using natural fabrics owing to the numerous advantages they have over synthetic fabrics, jute is a much sought-after fabric for fashionable clothes, home furnishing and fashion accessories.
The journey of a plant fibre to fabric
The jute plant is easily grown in tropical countries. It is a rain-fed crop. Jute is one of India’s main cash crops. The jute plant needs alluvial soil and standing water. The monsoon climate is a suitable climate for growing jute. Obtained from the bark of the jute plant, Jute has a high yield per acre, and little requirement for pesticides, and fertilizers.
Jute Fabric Production
What Makes Jute Unique?
Jute fibres have versatile properties, making them applicable in various industries.
- Biodegradable & compostable
- High tensile strength
- Good insulating properties
- Low extensibility
Types of Jute
White Jute: It is lighter in colour but less durable.
Tossa Jute: It is a hardy crop, yielding more fibres and is the main jute fibre produced.
Mesta Jute: It is a hybrid of White and Tossa jute
Jute Cuttings: By-products of jute production
India is the world’s largest producer of jute, production is mostly in the state of West Bengal. There are various jute processing mills in India, most of them located in the eastern region of the country, employing millions of people from farm to fibre production. The Indian jute sector has been growing and now offers a diverse range of lifestyle consumer goods, making India the world’s largest jute consumer.
India has taken advantage of recent advancements in jute production to become the world’s largest jute producer. Owing to these modern manufacturing techniques, India also has a stronghold in the global jute products market.
Jute has a myriad of applications, it is used extensively in industries for packaging, textiles, home furnishings, and floorings. It is also incorporated artistically in jewellery and accessories.
With numerous advantages over synthetic fibres, jute products are definitely here to stay. More and more millennials are making conscious choices and opting for natural fabrics. All this sounds good but where can I find jute fabrics and will they be easily accessible?
ReshaMandi And Natural Fibres
ReshaMandi has created an ecosystem for all things natural fibres. Apart from revolutionizing the sericulture sector, ReshaMandi has diversified into other natural fibres. Along with cotton, it has also added jute into its natural fibre profile. With innovative tech interventions in place, ReshaMandi is organising the unorganised Indian natural fibres sector and optimising the production of natural fibres.
Not just optimising the cultivation of natural fibres like cotton, silk and jute, with end to end management of the supply chain, it is doing everything it can to support the relevant stakeholders to increase the production of natural fabrics. All these efforts of ReshaMandi will ultimately culminate in making jute fabrics and products that have such great attributes easily accessible to the common man. ReshaMandi is not just building a digital ecosystem for natural fabrics and championing its stakeholder it is also paving a way for millennials to make sustainable lifestyle choices.